MDPI – Coatings
2019
A Comparative Study of Multifunctional Coatings Based on Electrospun Fibers with Incorporated ZnO Nanoparticles
PEDRO J. RIVERO; ÁLVARO IRIBARREN; SILVIA LARUMBE; JOSÉ F. PALACIO; RAFAEL RODRÍGUEZ

Abstract

In this work, polymeric fibers of polystyrene (PS) with incorporated ZnO nanoparticles have been deposited onto an aluminum alloy substrate (6061T6) by using the electrospinning technique. In order to optimize the deposition process, the applied voltage and flow rate have been evaluated in order to obtain micrometric electrospun fibers with a high average roughness and superhydrophobic behavior. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) has also been employed in order to corroborate the amount of ZnO incorporated into the electrospun fibers, whereas differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) has been performed in order to determine the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the polymeric electrospun fibers. In addition, a specific thermal treatment (Tg + 20 °C) of the synthesized electrospun fibers has been evaluated in the resultant corrosion resistance. A comparative study with previously reported results corresponding to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) fibers is carried out along this paper to show the changes in behavior due to the different compositions and fiber diameters. The coating has produced an important reduction of the corrosion current of the aluminum substrate in two orders of magnitude, showing also an important enhancement against pitting corrosion resistance. Finally, this deposition technique can be used as an innovative way for the design of both superhydrophobic and anticorrosive surfaces in one unique step over metallic substrates with arbitrary geometry.

Preparation of the Electrospun Coatings

The as-prepared solution was electrospun using an ND-ES 11/7 lab electrospinning unit (Nadetech Innovations S.L., Navarre, Spain).

Keywords: Electrospinning; Polystyrene; Polyvinyl chloride; Superhydrophobic surfaces; Corrosion protection