MDPI – Metals
Hydrophobic and Corrosion Behavior of Sol-Gel Hybrid Coatings Based on the Combination of TiO2 NPs and Fluorinated Chains for Aluminum Alloys Protection
PEDRO J. RIVERO; JUAN DEYO MAEZTU; CARLOS BERLANGA; ADRIAN MIGUEL; JOSÉ F. PALACIO; RAFAEL RODRÍGUEZ
In this work, layers of a sol-gel hybrid matrix doped with metal oxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) have been deposited on flat samples of AA6061-T6 aluminum alloy using the dip-coating technique, with the aim of obtaining coatings with better anti-corrosive and hydrophobic properties. Two different organic modified silica alkoxides, namely 3-(glycidyloxypropyl)trimethoxysilane (GPTMS) and methyltriethoxysilane (MTEOS), have been used for an adequate entrapment of the metal oxide nanoparticles. In addition, a fluorinated metal-alkoxide precursor has also been added to the hybrid matrix in order to improve the hydrophobic behavior. The experimental results corroborate that the presence of these TiO2 NPs play an important role in the development of the sol-gel hybrid coatings. The water contact angle (WCA) measurements, as well as pencil hardness tests indicate that TiO2 NPs make a considerable increase in the resultant hydrophobicity possible, with better mechanical properties of the coatings. The coating thickness has been measured by cross-section scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In addition, a glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy (GD-OES) analysis has been carried out in order to corroborate the adequate entrapment of the TiO2 NPs into the sol-gel coatings. Finally, potentiodynamic polarization tests and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) have been performed in order to evaluate the corrosion resistance of the coatings. All the results provide insights into the efficacy of the developed sol-gel hybrid coatings for anticorrosive purposes with good mechanical properties.
Link to source: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4701/8/12/1076/htm
This work was supported by the Spanish Economy and Competitiveness Ministry, FEDER (Project TRA2013-48603-C4-1-R-HELADA), and by the Public University of Navarre (Project PRO-UPNA18–6107–FRRRIO). The authors would like to express their gratitude to Nadetech Inc. for the tune-up of the robot used for the deposition of sol-gel hybrid coatings.